Sessions invitées: MSP2

Problème du genre en sciences et technologies

Prof. Nouzha EL YACOUBI, University Mohammed V Rabat, Morocco

In developed countries where equity in education has been investigated for several years, and where there are no mean differences between boys and girls achievements upon entry to school, the gender gap in achievement and participation in sciences, technology and more particularly in mathematics, persists. Since the 1970s, intensive research into the contributing factors to these gender differences and into relevant strategies to reduce the gap has been conducted in many countries. While, these factors are also relevant to developing countries, other factors should be considered, in particular for Africa, such as negative socio- cultural attitudes, household duties of girls; gender biased curriculum, lack of moral and financial parental support, lack of self confidence among the girls, and poor performance in exams. However, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) there is no evidence for a gender gap in mathematics performance. More interestingly, girls are now doing better than boys in mathematics and science in the region and many more girls are going on to tertiary education. This presentation will deal with some of the reasons behind such patterns. TIMSS and PISA results will be used to show, that in the MENA, gender differences are in favor of girls, and that when girls are provided with equal opportunity to learn, they tend to achieve better in mathematics than their male counterparts.

Key words: gender gap, sciences and Technologies, developed countries progress, developing countries situation, the MENA case.